The American Cancer Society recommends these screening guidelines for most
adults. Your provider may recommend additional tests based on your family history
- Age 40 yearly mammogram
- Clinical breast exam (CBE) about every 3 years for women in their 20s and
30s and every year for women 40 and over
- Breast self-exam (BSE) monthly for women starting in their 20s.
Colorectal Cancer and Polyps
Beginning at age 50, both men and women should follow one of these testing
- Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years*
- Or CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) every 5 years*
- Or Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years*
- Or Colonoscopy every 10 years
* If this test is positive, a colonoscopy should also be done.
- Yearly Pap test beginning 3 years after first vaginal intercourse, but
no later than 21 years old.
- Beginning at age 30, women who have had 3 normal Pap test results in a
row may get screened every 2 to 3 years.
- Women 70 years of age or older who have had 3 or more normal Pap tests
in a row and no abnormal Pap test results in the last 10 years may choose
to stop having Pap tests.
Starting at age 50, PSA blood test with or without a rectal exam. How often
you are tested will depend on your PSA level. If you are African American
or have a father or brother who had prostate cancer before age 65, you
should start at age 45.
Take control of your health and reduce your cancer risk.
- Stay away from tobacco.
- Stay at a healthy weight.
- Get moving with regular physical activity.
- Eat healthy with plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Limit how much alcohol you drink (if you drink at all).
- Protect your skin.
- Know yourself, your family history, and your risks.
- Have regular check-ups and cancer screening tests.
For information on how to reduce your cancer risk and other questions about
cancer, please call us anytime, day or night, at 1-800-227-2345 or visit
us online at www.cancer.org.